A margin account is a type of brokerage account that lets you access additional funds to invest by borrowing against the value of margin-eligible investments you hold.Legal Disclaimer footnote 1
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A margin account is a brokerage account that allows you to borrow money against the investments in your account.
Let's say you purchase stock in a margin account. As the buyer, you pay a portion of the purchase price and the broker lends you the difference. You pay interest on the broker's loan and it holds the security as collateral. Any income or interest earned in your account may be used to help offset the cost of borrowing.
The portion of the purchase price that you pay depends on the security. The outstanding loan value is initially determined using the purchase price of the security. However, from that point on, the outstanding loan value is generally based on the market. This means that every day, as the value of your holdings and cash balance change in your margin account, the amount you are able to borrow against them will vary.
To learn more, check out Understanding Margin Accounts.
Using borrowed money to buy securities involves greater risk than using cash resources. If you borrow money to purchase securities, your responsibility to repay the loan and pay interest as required by its terms remains the same even if the value of the securities purchased declines.
Account value is the difference between the total market value of the securities you hold in a margin account and any amount loaned to you.
The interest rate charged depends on the margin amount and the prevailing interest rate. At RBC Direct Investing it is charged directly to your account.
Interest costs may be tax-deductible in a non-registered account. Speak to your tax advisor for more information.
Learn about our competitive interest rates on borrowed funds.
To apply for margin, download a Margin Agreement Form and an Update/Change of Client Information Form. Once completed, drop off your forms at any RBC Royal Bank branch or mail them to RBC Direct Investing using the address below. Note that a margin account works in conjunction with a cash account.
Read about the benefits of opening a margin account with us.